Shadow IT Explained: What Are the Risks and How Can You Mitigate Them?

What is shadow IT?

What are the risks created by shadow IT?

Data loss

Waste of time

Investment loss

Concerns with compliance

Performance problems

What are the common myths about shadow IT?

The problem is not that serious

It is under control

Easy to discover

Cloud services are safe

There will be no major breach

What shadow IT is used for?

Efficiency

Compatibility

Comfort

How to create a shadow IT strategy?

Monitor what’s happening in your organization

Identifying unmet needs

Provide users the tools they need

Train the users on how to process sensitive data:

What are the key questions IT security should be able to answer related to shadow IT visibility and control?

  1. Which services are employees and business units using overall and in each category (examples: file-sharing, social media, collaboration)?
  2. Which services are gaining in popularity and should be evaluated for enterprise-wide adoption?
  3. What is the risk level of each service in use?
  4. How effective are my firewalls and proxies at identifying cloud services and enforcing acceptable cloud use policies?
  5. Which redundant services are employees using, and are they introducing additional cost and risk or inhibiting collaboration?
  6. How do I quantify the risk from the use of cloud services and compare it to peers in my industry?
  7. Which services house sensitive or confidential data today?
  8. What are the security capabilities of the services storing sensitive data?
  9. Which partners’ cloud services are employees accessing, and what’s the risk of these partners?

What are the cloud computing security issues?

Most common SaaS cloud security issues

  • Lack of visibility into what data is within cloud applications
  • Theft of data from a cloud application by a malicious actor
  • Incomplete control over who can access sensitive data
  • Inability to monitor data in transit to and from cloud applications
  • Cloud applications being provisioned outside of IT visibility (e.g., shadow IT)
  • Lack of staff with the skills to manage security for cloud applications
  • Inability to prevent malicious insider theft or misuse of data
  • Advanced threats and attacks against the cloud application provider
  • Inability to assess the security of the cloud application provider’s operations
  • Inability to maintain regulatory compliance

Most common IaaS cloud security issues

  • Cloud workloads and accounts being created outside of IT visibility (e.g., shadow IT)
  • Incomplete control over who can access sensitive data
  • Theft of data hosted in cloud infrastructure by a malicious actor
  • Lack of staff with the skills to secure cloud infrastructure
  • Lack of visibility into what data is in the cloud
  • Inability to prevent malicious insider theft or misuse of data
  • Lack of consistent security controls over multi-cloud and on-premises environments
  • Advanced threats and attacks against cloud infrastructure
  • Inability to monitor cloud workload systems and applications for vulnerabilities
  • Lateral spread of an attack from one cloud workload to another

Most common private cloud security issues

  • Lack of consistent security controls spanning over the traditional server and virtualized private cloud infrastructures
  • The increasing complexity of infrastructure resulting in more time/effort for implementation and maintenance
  • Lack of staff with skills to manage security for a software-defined data center (e.g., virtual compute, network, storage)
  • Incomplete visibility over security for a software-defined data center (e.g., virtual compute, network, storage)
  • Advanced threats and attacks

How to mitigate common cloud computing security issues?

DevSecOps phase

Automated application deployment and management tools

Centralized security for all facilities and suppliers with centralized control

Discover your shadow IT with SOCRadar

  • Discover your unknown hacker-exposed assets
  • Check if your IP addresses tagged as malicious
  • Monitor your domain name on hacked websites and phishing databases
  • Get notified when a critical zero-day vulnerability is disclosed

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